L’International Conference GIAHS-FAO di Noto (Japan) è un meeting internazionale con tema i Sistemi del Patrimonio Agricolo di Rilevanza Mondiale GIAHS-FAO tenuto nella Prefettura di Ishikawa in Giappone.
La conferenza è stata istituita per riunire le esperienze e le sfide dei Sistemi del Patrimonio Agricolo di tutto il mondo in occasione della commemorazione del 10° Anniversario di Satoyama e Satoumi di Noto, designati come i primi Sistemi di Patrimonio Agricolo di Importanza Globale (GIAHS) in terra nipponica.

Obiettivi dell’International Conference GIAHS-FAO di Noto (Japan)

Gli obiettivi del meeting sono quelli di condividere le esperienze delle diverse attività condotte nei siti GIAHS e discutere i modi per conservare ulteriormente questi sistemi, migliorando i mezzi di sussistenza degli agricoltori, preservando la biodiversità, gli ecosistemi e le conoscenze tradizionali e i paesaggi attraverso la discussione tra i rappresentanti dei siti GIAHS, i responsabili politici, i ricercatori e altre parti interessate.

Informazioni sull’evento

Lingue: inglese, francese, spagnolo, cinese, russo, arabo, giapponese

Location: Nanao City, Ishikawa Prefecture in Japan

Organizzatori:

  • FAO,
  • Ishikawa Prefecture of Japan,
  • Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF) of Japan,
  • United Nations University Institute for the Advanced Study of Sustainability (UNU-IAS),
  • Noto Regional Association for GIAHS Promotion and Cooperation

Per l’International Conference GIAHS-FAO di Noto (Japan) Enrico Brunelli – Graphic Designer ha realizzato il poster illustrativo dedicato al primo sito GIAHS italiano, Le vigne tradizionali del Soave – Soave Traditional Vineyards.
Il poster, 50 x 70 cm BxH, è destinato alla stampa su pannello e affissione su bacheca espositiva. Rappresenta l’Italia alla conferenza di Noto.

Lo stile è fresco e accattivante e si ispira al linguaggio proprio delle bacheche. Infatti i punti salienti sono raffigurati da una serie di post-it / polaroid fissate con nastro adesivo al supporto quasi fossero quasi appunti di lavoro.
Il poster riporta in lingua inglese tutte le principali informazioni di caratterizzazione del sito GIAHS facendo sintesi dei punti di candidatura del sito e delle peculiarità che lo rendono unico.
La grafica ideata per il poster di Noto è stata utilizzata anche per le slides di presentazione del sito mostrate dai relatori all’assemblea internazionale.

Il sito GIAHS-FAO
Le vigne tradizionali del Soave / Italia
Soave Traditional Vineyards / Italy

Soave traditional vineyards are an agro-economic system that provide income to more than 3,000 families for 200 years.
This system has kept traditional ways to train the vines and succeeded in distributing an income and security to the various stakeholders involved in the production chain, such as grapes producers, wine producers and bottlers, even during the most difficult periods.
Even though it is characterized by small or micro estates, it has succeeded in remaining competitive thanks to cooperation and innovation.
The grape grown in the system is used to produce one of the most famous Italian wines.

Significance of the GIAHS Site

  • A complex system of dry stone walls and embankments
  • The Pergola Veronese: a particular vine training method
  • A Cooperative wineries System
  • Recioto wine and drying system

Dynamic conservation activities

Changes in the wine-growing system

● Preventing the decrease of the use of the Pergola;
● Give some new instruments to the grape growers to continue to plant the pergola in a wine conversion project.

New Hydraulic – agrarian arrangements

● Provide concrete guidelines that minimize the risk of erosion, developing a series of innovative and affordable technologies to consolidate or recover artifacts such as stone walls, embankments and roads.

Introduction of extraneous elements or materials

● Awareness programs for grape growers, with the award of higher grapes prices;
● Include a series of rules addressed to the grape growers towards a more respectful and environment friendly behavior.

Concrete strategies and actions on the environmental sustainability front

● Application of the Advanced defense model of Soave: this service is coordinated by the Consortium through weekly meetings and with updating meetings with technicians.

The Landscape identity

● Protection of the specificities and of the morphological characteristics of the territory; ·
● Protection of significant panoramic views of landscape appreciation;
● Project of environmental recompositing and restoration – natural engineering interventions;
● Promotion of sectoral studies on ecosystems, biotypes, flora and fauna;
● Sector studies on linear vegetational systems and wooded areas.

Biodiversity Conservation

● Less simplification of the landscape and increase of widespread naturalness;
● use of indigenous species of trees and shrubs;
● conservation and restoration of local cultivars and mixed crops;
● rearrangement of the surface-water drainage network;
● use of bio-engineering techniques for the recovery of the farming landscape and water resource management.

Water management

● Maintaining the functionality of the surface hydrographical network;
● Preserving the filtering capacity of the soil and of the slope profile;
● Enabling proper rain water infiltration and reduce the runoff flow rate.

Tourist promotion and hospitality

● Development of the wine roads promoting the creation of a network and creating a land system for the dissemination of environmental education linked to agriculture and in general, for a better enjoyment of the landscape;
● Experiential tourism proposals analyzing the activities related to the seasonal nature of agricultural and forestry processes, food and wine and environmental aspects.

Global Importance

The traditional way to train the vines, the Pergola Veronese, is an iconic feature of the landscape in the area. Its structure is suitable to produce fine white wines in a changing climate, even though it does not allow a high rate of mechanization. The grape grower, in fact, must intervene manually both in the maintenance and in the management of the canopy, and they harvest by hand. This traditional processing and native grape varieties, which are in a complete balance with the soil and climate condition, have been conserved for generations.

1. Food and livelihood security

The traditional vineyards in the area has provided local farmers with income for more than 200 years. In addition, the farmers have established cooperative wineries and they give indications on the times and procedures for harvest, spraying, pest control. With a complex compensation system, the cooperatives guarantee to their members a fair income each year, despite the fluctuations in the market prices.

2. Agrobiodiversity

As territory guardians, the grape growers in Soave area have maintained different ecological features, such as ecological hallway, minor crops, and marginal areas. The farmers grow not only grapes but also other products, such as cherries, olives and peas. Regarding grapes, the area has two indigenous varieties that grow practically only in the region in the world: Garganega and Trebbiano di Soave.

3. Local and Traditional knowledge Systems

To prevent soil erosion and exploit the gradients, the most widely system of planting in rows is the contour plowing. Contour plowing is a perfect method to retain soil and limiting surface runoff. Dry stone walls are not necessarily soil retaining walls, but they can also be used in the fencing and delimitation of the roads connecting agricultural
holdings. We can also find embankments to divide the lands into terraces.

4. Cultures, value systems and social organisations

In the area, a variety of agricultural festivals and events have been passed down over generations as important cultural activities supporting agriculture. Among them, the Grape Festival, started in 1929, was the first of this kind in Italy.

5. Landscapes features

The landscape of the area has peculiar features, such as the vineyards that cover hilly lands, dry-stone walls, trees among the vines, historical chestnuts and buildings. Typical pergola landscape are tierods, which support vine shoots and can be found in the most ancient vineyards.
In addition to the pergola, farmers have built dry-stone walls to delimit the roads, embankments to create terraces on the slopes.